Iran offers international brokers, reinsurers and investors “vast opportunity” following the removal of US and UN sanctions last January, but many are hesitant about venturing into the region according to Axco Insurance Information Services (Axco).
In its latest country report, the global insurance market information specialist notes that Iran is the largest non-life insurance market in the Middle East and was the 29th largest market globally in 2014.
Non-life market premium income – excluding health business – grew 22.6% from 2014-15. Before sanctions were imposed, economic development led to above-inflation premium growth in 2010-12, although the effects of international sanctions hindered growth in real terms from 2013 onwards.
In June 2010 the UN Security Council imposed sanctions, which included restricting the provision of underwriting services, insurance and reinsurance aimed at Iran’s nuclear programme. Considerably harsher European Union (EU) sanctions were also imposed and the supply of (re)insurance capacity from European and US markets effectively ceased in 2012.
Insurance penetration in the Iranian non-life market is low: in 2014 total market premium was 1.27% of gross domestic product (GDP) with only US$69 per capita spent on insurance. By contrast, Israel’s per capita spend on insurance (US$690) is 10 times that of Iran’s. At US$368bn in 2013, Iran’s GDP is 27% greater than Israel’s, valued at US$290bn in the same year.
However, Axco warns that “a myriad of challenges” await foreigners attempting to enter the market. US primary economic sanctions remain, precluding American companies from re-entering Iran, with the largest bottleneck in future business with Iran likely to be US banks. Last week’s US election result has created further uncertainty around whether or how a Trump administration would “tear up” Obama’s 2015 Iranian nuclear agreement.
Iran is also plagued by high inflation, which in 2013 topped 39% but had fallen to 13.7% by 2015 and is forecast at 12.5% for 2016.
Since 2000, there has been a trend towards regulation and privatisation. State owned and private insurers are in direct competition and private insurers may have a maximum 49% foreign shareholding with the correct permissions. There are currently two state-owned companies; Bimeh Iran, which held the largest market share at just over 40% in 2014, and reinsurer Bimeh Markazi, which enjoys a compulsory cession of 25% of non-life business and first refusal on up to 30% of all outwards reinsurance.
There are no other restrictions on reinsurance arrangements, although overseas reinsurance capacity was seriously curtailed as a result of recent sanctions. It is thought 16% of gross capacity requirements were placed overseas in 2010, compared to 60% a few years earlier.
“Iran is attempting to attract foreign business back into its borders, as it stated it will be taking applications for energy projects,” said Tim Yeates, managing director at Axco. “However, foreign investment will remain slow if there isn’t the appropriate coverage available for these types of projects. The gap may have to be filled by governments.
“Despite all the challenges Iran has faced over the past few decades, Iran offers huge opportunities, which we see only growing as there is more foreign investment. However, it’s important to understand the risks and challenges that the Iranian market offers.”
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