Four in five Nordic corporates expect their cash reserves to remain steady or grow over the next three years – yet the vast majority of liquidity is kept in bank accounts where yield is close to zero, according to a survey from Nordea.
The Swedish financial services group reports that despite having the authority to do so, very few Nordic corporates are taking full advantage of longer duration or higher risk investments to get better yield. The survey found that 57% of respondents are happy to accept low returns in current market conditions – something that can easily turn into a cost for the business.
Most corporates surveyed keep the vast majority of their liquidity in simple overnight deposits, with nearly six in ten of survey respondents saying that they kept more than 75% of their liquidity in the bank.
“Corporates hold a lot of liquidity,” said Johan Trocmé, head of corporate research Sweden, corporate and institutional banking at Nordea. “Every company clearly needs cash reserves in order to fund operations, and to invest in acquisitions, capital purchases, and growth.
“Yet many corporates accept that they’re probably holding more cash than they need to – cash might be scattered around the group or lack of accurate and up-to-date reporting may make it difficult to forecast cash flows and future cash needs. As a result, they cautiously maintain a larger liquidity buffer.
“We see low returns increasingly becoming an issue. Negative short-term interest rates are becoming even more widespread and are expected to stay negative for a couple of years. Consequently, many corporates are starting to face bank charges for their overnight deposits in most key currencies. These charges will erode the cash pile and many chief financial officers (CFOs) and company boards are going to find that unacceptable.”
Nordea’s report is based on a survey of more than 170 Nordic corporates, representing Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland and a range of industries. The report is published in response to the changing risk landscape, most importantly the significant increase in foreign exchange (FX) volatility, and the sharp fall in interest rates, which is affecting both corporates’ debt costs and their liquidity yield.
The group adds that as well as reflecting the current landscape, the report looks at the techniques that corporates are using to manage different areas of financial risk, primarily their use of hedging, which is essentially an insurance policy that turns uncertainty about the future (for example, fluctuations in commodity prices, interest rates or FX rates) into a manageable and predictable cost.
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