ISACA Offers Guidelines to Protect Against Increased IT Risks

From cyberattacks and malicious employee actions to hacks into corporate social media accounts, 2013 is turning out to be a watershed year for technology-related enterprise threats, reports ISACA (previously the Information Systems Audit and Control Association).

A guide issued by the global IT association says that organisations must integrate technology risk much more aggressively into enterprise risk management (ERM) if they want to reduce future loss and improve business performance. Mismanaging IT risk can reduce business value, create financial loss, damage corporate reputation and overlook promising new opportunities.

According to a study by the Project Management Institute (PMI), every billion dollars that an enterprise spends represents US$135m in risk. In response, ISACA has launched ‘COBIT 5 for Risk’, developed by a global committee of risk professionals, which provides a detailed guide to governing and managing IT risk in the face of today’s unpredictable threats.

“The 2013 risk landscape is unprecedented, marked by deliberate employee actions like the Snowden leaks, denial-of-service [DoS] attacks against major banks, hacks into prominent Twitter and Facebook accounts, and cyberattacks against both businesses and government,” said Steven Babb, chair of the COBIT 5 for Risk task force. “It’s no longer enough to identify a risk and add it to a risk register. COBIT 5 for Risk provides key guidance on tying IT risk directly to strategic business outcomes.”

COBIT 5 for Risk, available at, is based on the globally recognised COBIT 5 framework for the governance and management of enterprise IT. The guide provides 20 risk scenario categories with potential responses. These scenarios include employee sabotage and theft, data breaches, disclosure of sensitive information through social media, industrial espionage, and support for innovation.

The publication, which replaces the former Risk IT framework, also includes guidance on how COBIT 5 supports risk management and governance and how to set up and maintain an effective and efficient risk function based on COBIT’s seven enablers:

  • Principles, policies and frameworks.
  • Processes.
  • Organisational structures.
  • Culture, ethics and behaviour.
  • Information.
  • Services, infrastructure and applications.
  • People, skills and competencies.

The guide is intended for:

  • Risk professionals, to help them manage risk and incorporate IT risk into enterprise risk management (ERM).
  • IT and business management, to help them understand how to identify and manage IT risk, and how to communicate IT risk to business decision makers.
  • Boards and executive management, to help them understand the implications of IT risk on the enterprise’s strategic objectives—and how to optimise IT for successful strategy execution.

COBIT 5 for Risk can be purchased from The COBIT 5 framework publication can be downloaded free of charge at


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