The Financial Stability Board (FSB) has reviewed and approved a number of policy proposals to be submitted to the G20 Summit in November, including on a package of measures to address the ‘too big to fail’ problem. Members also discussed the current strains in financial markets arising from sovereign debt and the steps being taken to address them.
Key Financial Regulatory Reforms
The FSB has approved the package of policy measures to be submitted to the G20 to address the ‘too big to fail’ problems posed by systemically important financial institutions (SIFIs), taking account of the results of the public consultation over the summer. The policy package will include:
- Key attributes of effective resolution regimes for financial institutions, which will form a new international standard for the features all national regimes should have to enable failing financial institutions to be resolved safely and without exposing the taxpayer to the risk of loss.
- A requirement that individual globally important SIFIs (G-SIFIs) have recovery and resolution plans, informed by resolvability assessments, and that home and host authorities develop institution-specific cooperation agreements and cross-border crisis management groups.
- Additional loss absorbency requirements for those banks determined to be G-SIFIs, based on the methodology developed by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision for assessing the global systemic importance of banks.
- Measures to enhance the intensity and effectiveness of supervision, in particular of SIFIs. Recommendations will include improved data systems for risk management at SIFIs and assessments of the adequacy of supervisory resources.
- The enhancement of international standards for the robustness of core financial market infrastructures.
The meeting endorsed the findings of the working group on the macroeconomic impact of the additional loss absorbency requirements, which show that the benefits from reduced risk of systemic crises far outweigh the transitional costs in terms of GDP growth.
The FSB reviewed workplans to strengthen the oversight and regulation of shadow banking. The FSB will conduct annual monitoring exercises to assess global trends and risks.
Over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives
Members approved the conclusions of the second progress report on implementation of OTC derivatives reforms, to be published shortly. They noted delays, and urged jurisdictions to achieve the end-2012 deadline for full implementation of the reforms agreed by the G20 in as many areas as possible.
Members agreed to strengthen their coordination of work to address potential inconsistencies and gaps in the implementation of reforms, which cover standardisation, central clearing, exchange or electronic platform trading, and reporting to trade repositories. Members also discussed mutual recognition. The progress report clarifies that the reforms to OTC products committed to by the G20, and set out in more detail in the FSB October 2010 report, are to be fully implemented irrespective of whether those products continue to trade OTC or are moved onto organised platforms.
Commodities and securities markets
The FSB reviewed and approved two reports by IOSCO on principles for the regulation and supervision of commodity derivatives markets, and on regulatory issues raised by the impact of technological changes on market integrity and efficiency.
Co-ordination framework for implementation monitoring
Financial reforms agreed within the G20 and FSB must be fully and consistently implemented. Accordingly, members agreed on an enhanced framework under which the FSB, in coordination with standard-setting bodies, will monitor and publicly report on country-by-country implementation. The framework will draw on monitoring undertaken by individual standard setters as well as by the FSB. This will include particularly detailed monitoring in priority areas for reforms.
The FSB approved the report of its follow-up peer review on implementation of principles and standards for compensation practices, which will be published in the coming days. The report finds that progress has been made since last year by both national authorities and firms in implementing the FSB Principles and Standards but more work needs to be done, and sets out recommendations to address remaining gaps and impediments.
Credit rating agencies (CRAs)
The FSB encouraged further progress by standard-setters and regulators in implementing the FSB principles for reducing reliance on CRA ratings. Members agreed to study the further practical steps that need to be taken to implement the principles, including to incentivise enhanced risk management capacity at market participants.
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