Investment management firms that expand into Asian countries outside Japan and Australia should do so with realistic goals that recognise both the limitations on short-term growth potential in the region and the many operational hurdles that will keep profit margins thinner than those achieved in western markets.
A new report from Greenwich Associates notes that, although asset management organisations have several compelling reasons to build a presence in Asia, firms that take on the challenge should temper their expectations:
- Only a small fraction of the total Asian institutional asset base is available to outside investment managers, and opportunities for asset managers remain modest compared with those in western countries; Asian institutions manage most assets internally. Although the US$5 trillion-plus in assets managed by Asian institutions does not fall too far short of the US institutional asset base in terms of absolute size, there are far fewer assets available to external investment managers in Asia than there are in the US. In the US, about 80% of institutional assets are allocated to external managers, as are roughly 47% of institutional assets in continental Europe. In Asia, however, only 12% of total assets are available to external managers, with the remainder managed in-house.
- Although there are concentrations of assets in a few core markets such as Singapore and Hong Kong, Asia’s large institutions are spread across an immense geographic region and located in countries with different languages, financial systems and regulatory structures. “Covering these institutions is difficult logistically and expensive,” said Greenwich Associates consultant Markus Ohlig.
- Many Asian institutions are young – some of the biggest have been in existence for less than 10 years. Many are staffed with professionals or civil servants with limited experience in financial markets, and few employ investment consultants in assessing markets or managers. The result: an almost retail-like focus on recent investment performance that makes client service and retention a challenge.
“In our dealings with global investment management firms, we often detect a disconnect between senior leadership in the home office and the personnel on the ground in Asia,” said Greenwich Associates consultant Abhi Shroff. “Back in Europe or the US, the Asian market represents a growth opportunity that is frequently given prominent play in the organisation’s overall long-term strategy. In the Asian office, however, the reality of the business is defined by limited prospects and day-to-day operational challenges.”
Benchmarks for Managers
The new Greenwich report, entitled ‘Global Asset Managers in Asia: Setting Realistic Expectations’, contains a series of benchmarks intended to help investment managers accurately assess the business opportunities and economic challenges of the Asian market. The data presented in the report is based on research conducted with 16 global asset management firms currently doing business in Asia. Together, these firms manage US$260bn in Asia – or roughly one-third of all outsourced institutional assets within the Asian region.
Almost all the managers participating in the study reported that strong markets had resulted in a growth in assets sourced from Asia in calendar year 2009, with most managers reporting growth of 20-60% in Asia. A majority of managers expect Asian assets to grow in calendar year 2010 as well. Thirteen of 15 global asset managers competing in Asia expect to hire additional client-facing staff in 2010, with most managers planning to bring on board one to three professionals for their institutional business. Fourteen out of 15 managers see the biggest business opportunities emerging in China, with South Korea and Taiwan also seen as strong potential sources of new business.
Global asset managers are following similar strategies in their efforts to expand their Asian businesses: They are focusing on top-tier institutions including central banks, other sizable government funds and large pension funds. “As a result, although there is less competition for institutional assets overall in Asia than there is in western markets, the competition for mandates from these important institutions can be fierce,” said Shroff.
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